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Domain name service (KENIC)
Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC)
The Kenya Network Information Centre (KENIC) was established through the facilitation of the Communications Commission of Kenya (CCK). KENIC is the entity charged with the management and the administration of the dot ke Country Code Top-Level Domain (.ke ccTLD) name.
Dot KE ccTLD historical background
In 1993, dot KE was delegated by Jon Postel, the Internet pioneer, to:
- Administrative Point of Contact (Dr. Shem Ochuodho), and
- Technical Point of Contact (Randy Bush)
Both Dr. Ochuodho and Randy Bush (USA) acted in voluntary basis. In 2002/2003, dot KE was re-delegated by the Internet Corporation for the Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) to:
- KENIC: As the Administrative Point of Contact
- KENIC: As the Technical Point of Contact
The Re-delegation Rationale
Over time, the Domain name management and administration on voluntary basis became impractical. Hence, the need to re-delegate the dot KE management to a multi-stakeholder organization whose members are drawn from the public, private sector and civil society (Public-Private Partnership) and a not-for-profit entity (KENIC).
KENIC Board membership
KENIC board members are drawn from the Government, the private sector, the academia, the civil society and the founding dot ke Administrative contact (Dr. Shem Ochuodho).
Objectives of KENIC
KENIC objectives are to:
- Manage and operate .ke ccTLD in public interest
- Promote the use of dot KE Domain Name space, as the country’s Internet (Cyberspace) identity
- Use of any surplus revenue to support ICT for development (ICT4D), through the Commission.Represent “local Internet Community” in local and International fora
- Build ICT (Domain Name Service-DNS) capacity in Kenya through internship programmes
The Commission support to KENIC
The Commission gave KENIC about USD 110,000 as start up finances (seed money). Further, the Commission has provided KENIC with office space free of charge.
In addition, the Commission has two (2) board of director seats in the KENIC board, to ensure that KENIC is operated in public interest.
Other stakeholders support to KENIC
Telkom Kenya Ltd, the Telecommunications Service Providers Organization of Kenya (TESPOK), the Kenya Data Networks (KDN) and other ICT stakeholders provided KENIC with free Internet connectivity and technical expertise.
Sustainability of KENIC
KENIC’s income is through:
- Minimal domain name registration fees
- Minimal operational costs (few staff)
- Maintaining an internship programme (capacity building)